Havanese is a bichon type toy dog named after Cuba’s capital city, Havana. It is the country’s national dog. It is believed that bichon types were crossbred to others including poodles to produce this known Havanese breed. In the past, some Cubans fled to the United States and brought their Havanese with them. They have known that this breed grows well in warmer climates than in cold climates. They need to be monitored carefully when they’re out to cold weather.
Typical features of the Havanese dogs include a drop ear, curled-over tail, and a gorgeous silky coat, which comes in a variation of colors like black, white, fawn, mahogany, tobacco, and Havana brown. That is why they are also known as Havana Silk Dogs. Havanese are small dogs weighing 7 to 13 pounds. The height ranges from 8.5 to 11.5 inches at the shoulder. The build is elongated than elevated. Havanese reaches its full size around 6 to 8 months. Their life span is 14 to 15 years.
Personality and Temperament
Havanese are affectionate and happy dogs. They are active dogs and love being taught by tricks and playing games with their owners. This type of dog is intelligent and trainable and they need socialization to prevent them from becoming fearful with strangers. They can be a nice watchdog but probably not a guard dog because of its size. Sometimes they may bark unreasonably if not properly trained. They love to be recognized that they are good and be admired for their efforts.
Havanese needs to be groomed and brushed regularly. It is required to brush and comb three or more times a week to prevent the coat from tangles and mats. The Havanese should also be bathed weekly. It is important to gently clean the corners of the eyes daily to prevent tear-stain in the area. Check the ears often to eliminate excess wax and wipe out the inside of the ear-flap with a little soaked gauze or cloth.
Food and Health
Havanese dogs should be fed excellent quality dog food suitable to his age. You have to watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. If you’re giving your dog a treat, give in moderation. Treats are important in training, but giving too many can cause obesity which is not good for their health. The puppy life stage must have more fats than any other stage. During adulthood, the Havanese is required to produce more crude proteins and vitamins from natural sources. For the senior life stage, fewer proteins are acceptable as long as they are substituted by vitamins and minerals that protect teeth, bones, and muscles.
Training and Exercise
Havanese are intelligent and enthusiastic. They are affectionate with people and they are easily trained. They need enough exercise like daily walks or a fun playtime with their owner, as they enjoy when someone is with them. Havanese can be a sensitive breed, so always remember not to scold them harshly. Socialization is very important to start at an early age.
Lively, smart, and trainable, the Havanese breed is perfect for someone who wants a small dog that can be satisfied with frequent walks and fetch games. Consistent training and care will make them an ideal companion dog.